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Fasting (Kitab Al-Siyam)

Abu-Dawud

by Abu Dawood, translation by Prof. Ahmad Hasan
2467.
Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

The sunnah for one who is observing i'tikaf (in a mosque) is not to visit a patient, or to attend a funeral, or touch or embrace one's wife, or go out for anything but necessary purposes. There is no i'tikaf without fasting, and there is no i'tikaf except in a congregational mosque.

2468.
Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) took a vow in the pre-Islamic days to spend a night or a day in devotion near the Ka'bah (in the sacred mosque). He asked the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) about it. He said: Observe i'tikaf (i.e. spend a night or a day near the Ka'bah) and fast.

2469.
Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The tradition mentioned above (No. 2468) has also been transmitted by Abdullah ibn Budayl through a different chain of narrators in a similar way.

This version adds: While he (Umar) was observing i'tikaf (in the sacred mosque), the people uttered (loudly): "Allah is most great." He said: What is this, Abdullah? He said: These are the captives of the Hawazin whom the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) has set free. He said: This slave-girl too? He sent her along with them.

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List of chapters
Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah)
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat)
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Details of Commencing Prayer
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Detailed Rules of Law about the Prayer during Journey
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Prayer at Night
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Detailed Injunctions about Ramadan
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Prostration while reciting the Qur'an
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Detailed Injunctions about Witr
Zakat (Kitab Al-Zakat)
The Rites of Hajj (Kitab Al-Manasik Wa'l-Hajj)
Marriage (Kitab Al-Nikah)
Divorce (Kitab Al-Talaq)
Fasting (Kitab Al-Siyam)
Jihad (Kitab Al-Jihad)
Sacrifice (Kitab Al-Dahaya)
Game (Kitab Al-Said)
Wills (Kitab Al-Wasaya)
Shares of Inheritance (Kitab Al-Fara'id)
Tribute, Spoils, and Rulership (Kitab Al-Kharaj, Wal-Fai' Wal-Imarah)
Funerals (Kitab Al-Jana'iz)
Oaths and Vows (Kitab Al-Aiman Wa Al-Nudhur)
Commercial Transactions (Kitab Al-Buyu)
Wages (Kitab Al-Ijarah)
The Office of the Judge (Kitab Al-Aqdiyah)
Knowledge (Kitab Al-Ilm)
Drinks (Kitab Al-Ashribah)
Foods (Kitab Al-At'imah)
Medicine (Kitab Al-Tibb)
Divination and Omens (Kitab Al-Kahanah Wa Al-Tatayyur)
Dialects and Readings of the Qur'an (Kitab Al-Huruf Wa Al-Qira'at)
Hot Baths (Kitab Al-Hammam)
Clothing (Kitab Al-Libas)
Combing the Hair (Kitab Al-Tarajjul)
Signet-Rings (Kitab Al-Khatam)
Trials and Fierce Battles (Kitab Al-Fitan Wa Al-Malahim)
The Promised Deliverer (Kitab Al-Mahdi)
Battles (Kitab Al-Malahim)
Prescribed Punishments (Kitab Al-Hudud)
Types of Blood-Wit (Kitab Al-Diyat)
Model Behavior of the Prophet (Kitab Al-Sunnah)
General Behavior (Kitab Al-Adab)
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