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Tribute, Spoils, and Rulership (Kitab Al-Kharaj, Wal-Fai' Wal-Imarah)

Abu-Dawud

by Abu Dawood, translation by Prof. Ahmad Hasan
2926.
Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: When Allah has a good purpose for a ruler, He appoints for him a sincere minister who reminds him if he forgets and helps him if he remembers; but when Allah has a different purpose from that for him. He appoints for him an evil minister who does not remind him if he forgets and does not help him if he remembers.

2927.
Narrated Al-Miqdam ibn Ma'dikarib:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) struck him on his shoulders and then said: You will attain success, Qudaym, if you die without having been a ruler, a secretary, or a chief.

2928.
Narrated Ghalib al-Qattan:

Ghalib quoted a man who stated on the authority of his father that his grandfather reported: They lived at one of the springs. When Islam reached them, the master of the spring offered his people one hundred camels if they embraced Islam. So they embraced Islam, and he distributed the camels among them. But it occurred to him that he should take the camels back from them.

He sent his son to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and said to him: Go to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and tell him: My father extends his greetings to you. He asked his people to give them one hundred camels if they embraced Islam, and they embraced Islam. He divided the camels among them. But it occurred to him then that he should withdraw his camels from them. Is he more entitled to them or we? If he says: Yes or no, then tell him: My father is an old man, and he is the chief of the people living at the water. He has requested you to make me chief after him.

He came to him and said: My father has extended his greetings to you. He replied: On you and you father be peace. He said: My father asked his people to give them one hundred camels if they embraced Islam. So they embraced Islam, and their belief in Islam is good. Then it occurred to him that he should take his camels back from them. Is he more entitled to them or are they?

He said: If he likes to give them the camels, he may give them; and if he likes to take them back, he is more entitled to them than his people. If they embraced Islam, then for them is their Islam. If they do not embrace Islam, they will be fought against in the cause of Islam.

He said: My father is an old man; he is the chief of the people living at the spring. He has asked you to appoint me chief after him.

He replied: The office of a chief is necessary, for people must have chiefs, but the chiefs will go to Hell.

2930.
Narrated Rafi' ibn Khadij:

I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: The official who collects sadaqah (zakat) in a just manner is like him who fights in Allah's path till he returns home.

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List of chapters
Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah)
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat)
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Details of Commencing Prayer
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Detailed Rules of Law about the Prayer during Journey
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Prayer at Night
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Detailed Injunctions about Ramadan
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Prostration while reciting the Qur'an
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Detailed Injunctions about Witr
Zakat (Kitab Al-Zakat)
The Rites of Hajj (Kitab Al-Manasik Wa'l-Hajj)
Marriage (Kitab Al-Nikah)
Divorce (Kitab Al-Talaq)
Fasting (Kitab Al-Siyam)
Jihad (Kitab Al-Jihad)
Sacrifice (Kitab Al-Dahaya)
Game (Kitab Al-Said)
Wills (Kitab Al-Wasaya)
Shares of Inheritance (Kitab Al-Fara'id)
Tribute, Spoils, and Rulership (Kitab Al-Kharaj, Wal-Fai' Wal-Imarah)
Funerals (Kitab Al-Jana'iz)
Oaths and Vows (Kitab Al-Aiman Wa Al-Nudhur)
Commercial Transactions (Kitab Al-Buyu)
Wages (Kitab Al-Ijarah)
The Office of the Judge (Kitab Al-Aqdiyah)
Knowledge (Kitab Al-Ilm)
Drinks (Kitab Al-Ashribah)
Foods (Kitab Al-At'imah)
Medicine (Kitab Al-Tibb)
Divination and Omens (Kitab Al-Kahanah Wa Al-Tatayyur)
Dialects and Readings of the Qur'an (Kitab Al-Huruf Wa Al-Qira'at)
Hot Baths (Kitab Al-Hammam)
Clothing (Kitab Al-Libas)
Combing the Hair (Kitab Al-Tarajjul)
Signet-Rings (Kitab Al-Khatam)
Trials and Fierce Battles (Kitab Al-Fitan Wa Al-Malahim)
The Promised Deliverer (Kitab Al-Mahdi)
Battles (Kitab Al-Malahim)
Prescribed Punishments (Kitab Al-Hudud)
Types of Blood-Wit (Kitab Al-Diyat)
Model Behavior of the Prophet (Kitab Al-Sunnah)
General Behavior (Kitab Al-Adab)
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