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Types of Blood-Wit (Kitab Al-Diyat)

Abu-Dawud

by Abu Dawood, translation by Prof. Ahmad Hasan
4479.
Narrated Abdullah Ibn Abbas:

Qurayzah and Nadir (were two Jewish tribes). An-Nadir were nobler than Qurayzah. When a man of Qurayzah killed a man of an-Nadir, he would be killed. But if a man of an-Nadir killed a man of Qurayzah, a hundred wasq of dates would be paid as blood-money. When Prophethood was bestowed upon the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him), a man of an-Nadir killed a man of Qurayzah.

They said: Give him to us, we shall kill him. They replied: We have the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) between you and us. So they came to him.

Thereupon the following verse was revealed: "If thou judge, judge in equity between them." "In equity" means life for a life.

The following verse was then revealed: "Do they seek of a judgment of (the days) ignorance?"

4480.
Narrated AbuRimthah:

I went to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) with my father. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) then asked my father: Is this your son? He replied: Yes, by the Lord of the Ka'bah. He again said: Is it true? He said: I bear witness to it. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) then smiled for my resemblance with my father, and for the fact that my father took an oath upon me. He then said: He will not bring evil on you, nor will you bring evil on him. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) recited the verse: "No bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another."

4481.
Narrated AbuShurayh al-Khuza'i:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If a relative of anyone is killed, or if he suffers khabl, which means a wound, he may choose one of the three things: he may retaliate, or forgive, or receive compensation. But if he wishes a fourth (i.e. something more), hold his hands. After this whoever exceeds the limits shall be in grave penalty.

4482.
Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

I never saw the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) that some dispute which involved retaliation was brought to him but he commanded regarding it for remission.

4483.
Narrated AbuHurayrah:

A man was killed in the lifetime of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). The matter was brought to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). He entrusted him to the legal guardian of the slain. The slayer said: Apostle of Allah, I swear by Allah, I did not intend to kill him. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said to the legal guardian: Now if he is true and you kill him, you will enter Hell-fire. So he let him go. His hands were tied with a strap. He came out pulling his strap. Hence he was called Dhu an-Nis'ah (possessor of strap).

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Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Details of Commencing Prayer
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Divination and Omens (Kitab Al-Kahanah Wa Al-Tatayyur)
Dialects and Readings of the Qur'an (Kitab Al-Huruf Wa Al-Qira'at)
Hot Baths (Kitab Al-Hammam)
Clothing (Kitab Al-Libas)
Combing the Hair (Kitab Al-Tarajjul)
Signet-Rings (Kitab Al-Khatam)
Trials and Fierce Battles (Kitab Al-Fitan Wa Al-Malahim)
The Promised Deliverer (Kitab Al-Mahdi)
Battles (Kitab Al-Malahim)
Prescribed Punishments (Kitab Al-Hudud)
Types of Blood-Wit (Kitab Al-Diyat)
Model Behavior of the Prophet (Kitab Al-Sunnah)
General Behavior (Kitab Al-Adab)
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