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Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Prayer at Night

Abu-Dawud

by Abu Dawood, translation by Prof. Ahmad Hasan
1299.
Narrated Abdullah Ibn Abbas:

In Surat al-Muzzammil (73), the verse: "Keep vigil at night but a little, a half thereof" (2-3) has been abrogated by the following verse: "He knoweth that ye count it not, and turneth unto you in mercy. Recite then of the Qur'an that which is easy for you" (v.20). The phrase "the vigil of the night" (nashi'at al-layl) means the early hours of the night. They (the companions) would pray (the tahajjud prayer) in the early hours of the night.

He (Ibn Abbas) says: It is advisable to offer the prayer at night (tahajjud), prescribed by Allah for you (in the early hours of the night). This is because when a person sleeps, he does not know when he will awake. The words "speech more certain" (aqwamu qilan) means that this time is more suitable for the understanding of the Qur'an. He says: The verse: "Lo, thou hast by day a chain of business" (v.7) means engagement for long periods (in the day's work).

1302.
Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

Do not give up prayer at night, for the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) would not leave it. Whenever he fell ill or lethargic, he would offer it sitting.

1303.
Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: May Allah have mercy on a man who gets up at night and prays, and awakens his wife; if she refuses, he should sprinkle water on her face. May Allah have mercy on a woman who gets up at night and prays, and awakens her husband; if he refuses, she would sprinkle water on his face.

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List of chapters
Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah)
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat)
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Details of Commencing Prayer
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Detailed Rules of Law about the Prayer during Journey
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Prayer at Night
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Detailed Injunctions about Ramadan
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Prostration while reciting the Qur'an
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Detailed Injunctions about Witr
Zakat (Kitab Al-Zakat)
The Rites of Hajj (Kitab Al-Manasik Wa'l-Hajj)
Marriage (Kitab Al-Nikah)
Divorce (Kitab Al-Talaq)
Fasting (Kitab Al-Siyam)
Jihad (Kitab Al-Jihad)
Sacrifice (Kitab Al-Dahaya)
Game (Kitab Al-Said)
Wills (Kitab Al-Wasaya)
Shares of Inheritance (Kitab Al-Fara'id)
Tribute, Spoils, and Rulership (Kitab Al-Kharaj, Wal-Fai' Wal-Imarah)
Funerals (Kitab Al-Jana'iz)
Oaths and Vows (Kitab Al-Aiman Wa Al-Nudhur)
Commercial Transactions (Kitab Al-Buyu)
Wages (Kitab Al-Ijarah)
The Office of the Judge (Kitab Al-Aqdiyah)
Knowledge (Kitab Al-Ilm)
Drinks (Kitab Al-Ashribah)
Foods (Kitab Al-At'imah)
Medicine (Kitab Al-Tibb)
Divination and Omens (Kitab Al-Kahanah Wa Al-Tatayyur)
Dialects and Readings of the Qur'an (Kitab Al-Huruf Wa Al-Qira'at)
Hot Baths (Kitab Al-Hammam)
Clothing (Kitab Al-Libas)
Combing the Hair (Kitab Al-Tarajjul)
Signet-Rings (Kitab Al-Khatam)
Trials and Fierce Battles (Kitab Al-Fitan Wa Al-Malahim)
The Promised Deliverer (Kitab Al-Mahdi)
Battles (Kitab Al-Malahim)
Prescribed Punishments (Kitab Al-Hudud)
Types of Blood-Wit (Kitab Al-Diyat)
Model Behavior of the Prophet (Kitab Al-Sunnah)
General Behavior (Kitab Al-Adab)
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