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The Kaffara (Making Amends) for Breaking the Fast in Ramadan

Malik's Muwatta

by Imam Malik, translation by A'isha `Abdarahman at-Tarjumana and Ya`qub Johnson , Volume: Fasting
28.
Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Hunayd ibn Abd arRahman ibn Awf from Abu Hurayra that a man broke the fast in Ramadan and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ordered him to make kaffara by freeing a slave, or fasting two consecutive months, or feeding sixty poor people, and he said, "I can't do it." Someone brought a large basket of dates to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, "Take this and give it away as sadaqa." He said, "Messenger of Allah, there is no-ne more needy than I am." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, laughed until his eye-teeth appeared, and then he said, "Eat them."
29.
Yahya related to me from Malik from Ata ibn Abdullah al-Khurasani that Said ibn al-Musayyab said, "A bedouin came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, beating his breast and tearing out his hair and saying, 'I am destroyed.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Why is that?', and he said, 'I had intercourse with my wife while fasting in Ramadan.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked him, 'Are you able to free a slave?', and the man said, 'No.' Then he asked him, 'Are you able to give away a camel?', and the man replied, 'No.' He said, 'Sit own,' and someone brought a large basket of dates to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said to the man, 'Take this and give it away as sadaqa.' The man said, 'There is no one more needy than me,' and (the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace), said, 'Eat them, and fast one day for the day when you had intercourse.' "

Malik said that Ata said that he had asked Said ibn al-Musayyab how many dates there were in that basket, and he said, "Between fifteen and twenty sas.''

Malik said, "I have heard people of knowledge saying that the kaffara specified by the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for a man who has intercourse with his wife during the day in Ramadan is not due from someone who, on a day when he is making up the fast of Ramadan, breaks his fast by having intercourse with his wife, or whatever. He only has to make up for that day."

Malik said, "This is what I like most out of what I have heard about the matter."

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List of chapters
Sighting the New Moon for Beginning and Ending the Fast of Ramadan
Making the Intention to Fast Before Dawn
Being Quick to Break the Fast
Fasting When Junub in the Morning during Ramadan
Permission for a Fasting Man to Kiss
Restraint in Kissing when Fasting
Fasting while Travelling
What to Do when Returning from a Journey in Ramadan or Intending to Travel in Ramadan
The Kaffara (Making Amends) for Breaking the Fast in Ramadan
Cupping a Man who is Fasting
Fasting on the Day of Ashura ( the 10th of Muharram)
Fasting the Days of Fitr and Adha and Fasting Continuously
The Prohibition against Fasting for Two Days or More without Breaking the Fast in between (Wisal)
The Fasting of Someone who Kills by Mistake or Pronounces the Dhihar Form of Divorce
What a Sick Man Does when Fasting
The Vow to Fast, and Fasting for the Dead
Making Up Days Missed in Ramadan, and the Kaffara
Making up forVoluntary Fasts (Broken)
The Fidya (Compensation) of a Man who Breaks the Fast in Ramadan from Weakness
Making Up For Days Not Fasted in Ramadan in General
Fasting The "Day of Doubt"
The Fast in General
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