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Prohibition against Two Sales in One Sale

Malik's Muwatta

by Imam Malik, translation by A'isha `Abdarahman at-Tarjumana and Ya`qub Johnson , Volume: Business Transactions
72.
Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade two sales in one sale.
73.
Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that a man said to another, "Buy this camel for me immediately so that I can buy him from you on credit." Abdullah ibn Umar was asked about that and he disapproved of it and forbade it.
74.
Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that al-Qasim ibn Muhammad was asked about a man who bought goods for 10 dinars cash or fifteen dinars on credit. He disapproved of that and forbade it.

Malik said that if a man bought goods from a man for either 10 dinars or 15 dinars on credit, that one of the two prices was obliged on the buyer. It was not to be done because if he postponed paying the ten, it would be 15 on credit, and if he paid the ten, he would buy with it what was worth fifteen dinars on credit.

Malik said that it was disapproved of for a man to buy goods from someone for either a dinar cash or for a described sheep on credit and that one of the two prices was obliged on him. It was not to be done because the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade two sales in one sale. This was part of two sales in the one sale.

Malik spoke about a man saying to another, "'I will either buy these fifteen sa of ajwa dates from you, or these ten sa of sayhani dates or I will buy these fifteen sa of inferior wheat or these ten sa of Syrian wheat for a dinar, and one of them is obliged to me.' Malik said that it was disapproved of and was not halal. That was because he obliged him ten sa of sayhani, and left them and took fifteen sa of ajwa, or he was obliged fifteen sa of inferior wheat and left them and took ten sa of Syrian wheat. This was also disapproved of, and was not halal. It resembled what was prohibited in the way of two sales in one sale. It was also included under the prohibition against buying two for one of the same sort of food."

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List of chapters
Non-Returnable Deposits
Wealth of Slaves
Built-In Liability Agreements
Defects in Slaves
What is Done about Slave-Girls when Purchased and Conditions Made about Them
Prohibition against Intercourse with Slave-Girls Who Have Husbands
Ownership of the Fruit of Trees which have been Sold
Prohibition against Selling Fruit until It starts to Ripen
The Sale of Ariyas
How Crop Damage Affects Sales of Agricultural Produce
What is Permissible in Keeping Back a Portion of the Fruit
What is Not Recommended in the Sale of Dates
Muzabana and Muhaqala
General Remarks about Selling Produce at its Source
Selling Fruit
Selling Gold for Silver, Minted and Unminted
Money-Changing
Selling Gold for Gold and Silver for Silver by Weight
Buying on Delayed Terms and Re-Selling for Less on More Immediate Terms
What is Disapproved in Selling Food with Delayed Payment or Delivery
Pre-payment on Food
Bartering Food for Food with No Increase between Them
General Section on Selling Food
Hoarding and Raising Prices by Stock-Piling
What is Permitted in Selling Some Animals for Others and Making an Advance for Them
What Is Not Permitted in the Sale of Animals
Selling Animals in Exchange for Meat
Selling Meat for Meat
Selling dogs
Advance and Sale of Some Goods for Others
The Advance on Goods
Selling Copper and Iron and Such Things which are Weighed
Prohibition against Two Sales in One Sale
Transactions with Uncertainty in Them
Al-Mulamasa and al-Munabadha
Sale according to List of Contents
The Right of Withdrawal (Khiyar)
Usury in Debts
Debts and Transfer Debts in General
Partnership, Transferral of Responsibility to an Agent and Revocation
Bankruptcy of Debtors
What is Permitted Of Free Loans
What Is Not Permitted of Free Loans
What is Forbidden of Haggling and Transactions
Business Transactions in General
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