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Prophetic Commentary on the Qur'an (Tafseer of the Prophet (pbuh))

Sahih Bukhari

by Imam Bukhari, translation by M. Muhsin Khan
118. Narrated Al-Bara
When the Verse:--"Not equal are those of the believers who sit (at home)," ( 4.95) was revealed, the Prophet said, "Call so-and-so." That person came to him with an ink-pot and a wooden board or a shoulder scapula bone. The Prophet said (to him), "Write: 'Not equal are those believers who sit (at home) and those who strive and fight in the Cause of Allah." Ibn Um Maktum who was sitting behind the Prophet then said, "O Allah's Apostle! I am a blind man." So there was revealed in the place of that Verse, the Verse:--"Not equal are those of the believers who sit (at home) except those who are disabled (by injury, or are blind or lame etc.) and those who strive and fight in the Cause of Allah." ( 4.95)
119. Narrated Ibn `Abbas
Not equal are those believers who sat (at home) and did not join the Badr battle and those who joined the Badr battle.
120. Narrated Muhammad bin `Abdur-Rahman Abu Al-Aswad
The people of Medina were forced to prepare an army (to fight against the people of Sham during the caliphate of `Abdullah bin Az-Zubair at Mecca), and I was enlisted in it; Then I met `Ikrima, the freed slave of Ibn `Abbas, and informed him (about it), and he forbade me strongly to do so (i.e. to enlist in that army), and then said, "Ibn `Abbas informed me that some Muslim people were with the pagans, increasing the number of the pagans against Allah's Apostle. An arrow used to be shot which would hit one of them (the Muslims in the company of the pagans) and kill him, or he would be struck and killed (with a sword)." Then Allah revealed:-- "Verily! as for those whom the angels take (in death) while they are wronging themselves (by staying among the disbelievers)" ( 4.97) Abu Aswad added, "Except the weak ones among men, women,..." ( 4.98)
121. Narrated Ibn `Abbas
'"Except the weak ones" ( 4.98) and added: My mother was one of those whom Allah excused.
122. Narrated Abu Huraira
While the Prophet was offering the `Isha' prayer, he said, "Allah hears him who sends his praises to Him," and then said before falling in prostration, "O Allah, save `Aiyash bin Rabi`a. O Allah, save Salama bin Hisham. O Allah, save Al-Walid bin Al-Wahd. O Allah, save the weak ones among the believers. O Allah, let Your punishment be severe on the tribe of Mudar. O Allah, inflict upon them years (of famine) like the years of Joseph."
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Prophetic Commentary on the Qur'an (Tafseer of the Prophet (pbuh))
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