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Blood Money (Ad-Diyat)

Sahih Bukhari

by Imam Bukhari, translation by M. Muhsin Khan
1. Narrated `Abdullah
A man said, "O Allah's Apostle! Which sin is the greatest in Allah's Sight?" The Prophet said, "To set up a rival unto Allah though He Alone created you . " The man said, "What is next?" The Prophet said, "To kill your son lest he should share your food with you." The man said, "What is next?" The Prophet said, "To commit illegal sexual intercourse with the wife of your neighbor." So Allah revealed in confirmation of this narration:-- 'And those who invoke not with Allah, any other god. Nor kill, such life as Allah has forbidden except for just cause nor commit illegal sexual intercourse. And whoever does this shall receive the punishment.' (25.68)
2. Narrated Ibn `Umar
Allah's Apostle said, "A faithful believer remains at liberty regarding his religion unless he kills somebody unlawfully."
3. Narrated `Abdullah bin `Umar
One of the evil deeds with bad consequence from which there is no escape for the one who is involved in it is to kill someone unlawfully.
4. Narrated `Abdullah
The Prophet said, "The first cases to be decided among the people (on the Day of Resurrection) will be those of blood-shed."
5. Narrated Al-Miqdad bin `Amr Al-Kindi
An ally of Bani Zuhra who took part in the battle of Badr with the Prophet, that he said, "O Allah's Apostle! If I meet an unbeliever and we have a fight, and he strikes my hand with the sword and cuts it off, and then takes refuge from me under a tree, and says, 'I have surrendered to Allah (i.e. embraced Islam),' may I kill him after he has said so?" Allah's Apostle said, "Do not kill him." Al-Miqdad said, "But O Allah's Apostle! He had chopped off one of my hands and he said that after he had cut it off. May I kill him?" The Prophet said. "Do not kill him for if you kill him, he would be in the position in which you had been before you kill him, and you would be in the position in which he was before he said the sentence." The Prophet also said to Al-Miqdad, "If a faithful believer conceals his faith (Islam) from the disbelievers, and then when he declares his Islam, you kill him, (you will be sinful). Remember that you were also concealing your faith (Islam) at Mecca before."
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List of chapters
Blood Money (Ad-Diyat)
Dealing with Apostates
Saying Something under Compulsion (Ikraah)
Tricks
Interpretation of Dreams
Afflictions and the End of the World
Judgments (Ahkaam)
Wishes
Accepting Information Given by a Truthful Person
Holding Fast to the Qur'an and Sunnah
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED)
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