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Surah Al-Inshiqaq

Ayat/pg: 5 | 10 | 15 | 20 | All

Maududi's Commentry (Tafseer) on Surah Al-Inshiqaq

Mecca Mecca (83)
25Total Ayat: 25
1Total Ruku: 1

Name

It is derived from the word inshaqqat in the first verse. Inshaqqat isinfinitive which means to split asunder, thereby implying that it isthe Surah in which mention has been made of the splitting asunder ofthe heavens.

Period of Revelation

This too is one of the earliest Surahs to be revealed at Makkah. Theinternal evidence of its subject matter indicates that persecution ofthe Muslims had not yet started; however, the message of the Qur'anwas being openly repudiated at Makkah and the people were refusing toacknowledge that Resurrection would ever take place when they wouldhave to appear before their God to render an account of their deeds.

Theme and Subject Matter

Its theme is the Resurrection and Hereafter.

In the first five versesnot only have the state of Resurrection been described vividly but anargument of its being true and certain also have been given. It hasbeen stated that the heavens on that Day will split asunder, the earthwill be spread out plain and smooth, and it will throw out whateverlies inside it of the dead bodies of men and evidences of their deedsso as to become completely empty from within. The argument given forit is that such will be the Command of their Lord for the heavens andthe earth; since both are His creation. they cannot dare disobey HisCommand. For them the only right and proper course is that they shouldobey the Command of their Lord.

Then, in vv 6-19 it has been said thatwhether man Is conscious of this fact or not, he in any case is movingwilly nilly to the destination when he will appear and stand beforehis Lord. At that time all human beings will divide into two parts:first those whose records will be given in their right hands: theywill be forgiven without any severe reckoning; second those whoserecords will be given them behind their back. They will wish that theyshould die somehow, but they will not die; instead they will be castinto Hell. They will meet with this fate because in the world theyremained lost in the misunderstanding that they would never have toappear before God to render an account of their deeds, whereas theirLord was watching whatever they were doing, and there was no reasonwhy they should escape the accountability for their deeds. Theirmoving gradual]y from the life of the world to the meting out ofrewards and punishments in the Hereafter was as certain as theappearance of twilight after sunset, the coming of the night after theday, the returning of men and animals to their respective abodes atnight, and the growing of the crescent into full moon.

In conclusion,the disbelievers who repudiate the Qur'an instead of bowing down toGod when they hear it, have been forewarned of a grievous punishmentand the good news of limitless rewards has been given to the believersand the righteous.

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