bismillah bismillah
Login | Signup
  1. Type something to begin your search

Surah Al-Mutaffifin

Ayat/pg: 5 | 10 | 15 | 20 | All

Maududi's Commentry (Tafseer) on Surah Al-Mutaffifin

Mecca Mecca (86)
36Total Ayat: 36
1Total Ruku: 1


It is derived from the very first verse; Wayl-ul-lil mutaffifin.

Period of Revelation

The style of the Surah and its subject matter clearly show that it wasrevealed in the earliest stage at Makkah, when surah after surah wasbeing revealed to impress the doctrine of the Hereafter on thepeople's minds. This Surah was revealed when they had startedridiculing the Muslims and disgracing them publicly in the streets andin their assemblies, but persecution and manhandling of the Muslimshad not yet started. Some commentators regard this as a Madani Surah.This misunderstanding has been caused by a tradition from Ibn Abbasaccording to which when the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) arrivedin Madinah, the evil of giving short weight and measure was widespreadamong the people there. Then Allah sent down Wayl ul-lil mutaffifinand the people began to give full weight and measure. (Nasa'i, Ibn Majah, Ibn Marduyah, Ibn Jarir, Baihaqi: Shu`ab-il-Iman) But, as we haveexplained in the introduction to Surah Ad-Dahr, the common practicewith the Companions and their successors was that when they found thata verse applied to a certain matter of life, they would say that ithad been sent down concerning that particular matter. Therefore, whatis proved by the tradition of Ibn Abbas is that when after hisemigration to Madinah the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) saw thatthe evil was widespread among the people there, he recited this Surahbefore them by Allah's Command and this helped them mend their ways.

Theme and Subject Matter

The theme of this Surah too is the Hereafter. In the first six versesthe people have been taken to task for the prevalent evil practice intheir commercial dealings. When they had to receive their due fromothers, they demanded that it be given in full, but when they had tomeasure or weigh for others, they would give less than what was due.Taking this one evil as an example out of countless evils prevalent insociety, it has been said that it is an inevitable result of theheedlessness of the Hereafter. Unless the people realized that one daythey would have to appear before God and account for each single actthey performed in the world, it was not possible that they would adoptpiety and righteousness in their daily affairs. Even if a person mightpractise honesty in some of his less important dealings in view of"honesty is the best policy", he would never practise honesty onoccasions when dishonesty would seem to be "the best policy". Man candevelop true and enduring honesty only when he fears God and sincerelybelieves in the Hereafter, for then he would regard honesty not merelyas "a policy" but as "a duty" and obligation, and his being constantin it, or otherwise, would not be dependent on its being useful oruseless in the world.

Thus, after making explicit the relation betweenmorality and the doctrine of the Hereafter in an effective andimpressive way, in vv. 7-17, it has been said: The deeds of the wickedare already being recorded in the black list of the culprits, and inthe Hereafter they will meet with utter ruin. Then in vv. 18-28, thebest end of the virtuous has been described and it has been laid thattheir deeds are being recorded in the list of the exalted people, onwhich are appointed the angels nearest to Allah.

In conclusion, thebelievers have been consoled, and the disbelievers warned, as if tosay: "The people who are disgracing and humiliating the believerstoday, are culprits who, on the Resurrection Day, will meet with amost evil end in consequence of their conduct, and these verybelievers will feel comforted when they see their fate."

<< Next Surah
Prev Surah >>
Surah List
1. Al-Fathiha
2. Al-Baqarah
3. Al-i'Imran
4. An-Nisaa
5. Al-Maida
6. Al-An'am
7. Al-A'raf
8. Al-Anfal
9. At-Tauba
10. Yunus
11. Hud
12. Yusuf
13. Ar-Ra'd
14. Ibrahim
15. Al-Hijr
16. An-Nahl
17. Al-Israa
18. Al-Kahf
19. Maryam
20. Ta-ha
21. Al-Anbiyaa
22. Al-Hajj
23. Al-Muminun
24. An-Nur
25. Al-Furqan
26. Ash-Shu'araa
27. An-Naml
28. Al-Qasas
29. Al-Ankabut
30. Ar-Rum
31. Luqman
32. As-Sajda
33. Al-Ahzab
34. Saba
35. Fatir
36. Ya-Sin
37. As-Saffat
38. Sad
39. Az-Zumar
40. Al-Mu'min
41. Ha-Mim
42. Ash-Shura
43. Az-Zukhruf
44. Ad-Dukhan
45. Al-Jathiya
46. Al-Ahqaf
47. Muhammad
48. Al-Fat-h
49. Al-Hujurat
50. Qaf
51. Az-Zariyat
52. At-Tur
53. An-Najm
54. Al-Qamar
55. Ar-Rahman
56. Al-Waqi'a
57. Al-Hadid
58. Al-Mujadila
59. Al-Hashr
60. Al-Mumtahana
61. As-Saff
62. Al-Jamu'a
63. Al-Munafiqun
64. At-Tagabun
65. At-Talaq
66. At-Tahrim
67. Al-Mulk
68. Al-Qalam
69. Al-Haqqa
70. Al-Ma'arij
71. Nuh
72. Al-Jinn
73. Al-Muzzammil
74. Al-Muddaththir
75. Al-Qiyamat
76. Ad-Dahr
77. Al-Mursalat
78. An-Nabaa
79. An-Nazi'at
80. Abasa
81. At-Takwir
82. Al-Infitar
83. Al-Mutaffifin
84. Al-Inshiqaq
85. Al-Buruj
86. At-Tariq
87. Al-A'la
88. Al-Gashiya
89. Al-Fajr
90. Al-Balad
91. Ash-Shams
92. Al-Lail
93. Adh-Dhuha
94. Al-Sharh
95. At-Tin
96. Al-Alaq
97. Al-Qadr
98. Al-Baiyina
99. Al-Zalzalah
100. Al-Adiyat
101. Al-Qari'a
102. At-Takathur
103. Al-Asr
104. Al-Humaza
105. Al-Fil
106. Quraish
107. Al-Ma'un
108. Al-Kauthar
109. Al-Kafirun
110. An-Nasr
111. Al-Lahab
112. Al-Ikhlaas
113. Al-Falaq
114. An-Nas
Islamic Art Oil Paintings
Subscribe to daily Ayat and Hadith: