bismillah bismillah
Login | Signup
Search
  1. Type something to begin your search

Surah Al-Qamar

Ayat/pg: 5 | 10 | 15 | 20 | All

Maududi's Commentry (Tafseer) on Surah Al-Qamar

Mecca Mecca (37)
55Total Ayat: 55
3Total Ruku: 3

Name

The Surah takes its name from the very first verse Wan shaqq al-Qamar,thereby implying that it is a Surah in which the word al-Qamar hasoccurred.

Period of Revelation

The incident of the shaqq-al-Qamar (splitting of the moon) that hasbeen mentioned in it, determines its period of revelation precisely.The traditionists and commentators are agreed that this incident tookplace at Mina in Makkah about five years before the Holy Prophet'shijrah to Madinah.

Theme and Subject Matter

In this Surah the disbelievers of Makkah have been warned for theirstubbornness which they had adopted against the invitation of the HolyProphet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). The amazing andwonderful phenomenon of the splitting of the Moon was a manifest signof the truth that the Resurrection, of which the Holy Prophet wasgiving them the news, could take place and that it had approached nearat hand. The great sphere of the Moon had split into two distinctparts in front of their very eyes. The two parts had separated andreceded so much apart from each other that to the on-lookers one parthad appeared on one side of the mountain and the other on the otherside of it. Then, in an instant the two had rejoined. This was amanifest proof of the truth that the system of the Universe wasneither eternal nor immortal, it could be disrupted. Huge stars andPlanets could split asunder, disintegrate, collide with each other,and everything that had been depicted in the Quran In connection withthe description of the details of Resurrection, could happen. Not onlythis : it was also a portent that the disintegration of the system ofthe Universe had begun and the time was near when Resurrection wouldtake place. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be uponhim) invited the people's attention to this event only with thisobject in view and asked them to mark it and be a witness to it. Butthe disbelievers described it as a magical illusion add persisted intheir denial. For this stubbornness they have been reproached in thisSurah.

At the outset it has been said: "These people neither believe inthe admonition, nor learn a lesson from history, nor affirm faithafter witnessing manifest signs with their eyes. Now they wouldbelieve only when Resurrection has taken place and they would berushing out of their graves towards the Summoner on that Day."

Then,the stories of the people of Noah and of 'Ad and Thamud and of thepeoples of Lot and the Pharaoh have been related briefly and they havebeen reminded of the terrible punishments that these nations sufferedwhen they belied and disregarded the warnings given by the Prophets ofGod. After the narration of each story the refrain that has beenprovided is : "This Qur'an is an easy means of admonition, which if anation takes to heart and thereby takes the Right Way, the tormentthat descended on the former nations could be avoided. But it wouldindeed be a folly if instead of heeding the admonition through thiseasy means, one persisted in heedlessness and disbelieved until onewas overtaken by the torment itself."

Likewise, after citingadmonitory precedents from the history of the former nations, thedisbelievers of Makkah have been addressed and warned to this effect:"If you too adopt the same attitude and conduct for which the othernations have already been punished, why will you not be punished forit?Are you in any way a superior people that you should be treateddifferently from others? Or, have you received a deed of amnesty thatyou will not be punished for the crime for which others have beenpunished?And if you feel elated at your great numbers, you will soonsee that these very numbers of yours are put to rout (on thebattlefield) and on the Day of Resurrection you will be dealt witheven more severely."

In the end, the disbelievers have been told thatAllah does not need to make lengthy preparations to bring aboutResurrection. No sooner does He give a simple command for it than itwill take place immediately. Like everything else the Universe andmankind also have a destiny. According to this destiny everythinghappens at its own appointed time. It cannot be so that wheneversomebody gives a challenge, Resurrection is brought about in order toconvince him. If you adopt rebellion because you do not see it coming,you will only be adding to your own distress and misfortune. For yourrecord which is being prepared by Divine agents, has not left anymisdeed of yours, great or small, unrecorded.

<< Next Surah
Prev Surah >>
Surah List
1. Al-Fathiha
2. Al-Baqarah
3. Al-i'Imran
4. An-Nisaa
5. Al-Maida
6. Al-An'am
7. Al-A'raf
8. Al-Anfal
9. At-Tauba
10. Yunus
11. Hud
12. Yusuf
13. Ar-Ra'd
14. Ibrahim
15. Al-Hijr
16. An-Nahl
17. Al-Israa
18. Al-Kahf
19. Maryam
20. Ta-ha
21. Al-Anbiyaa
22. Al-Hajj
23. Al-Muminun
24. An-Nur
25. Al-Furqan
26. Ash-Shu'araa
27. An-Naml
28. Al-Qasas
29. Al-Ankabut
30. Ar-Rum
31. Luqman
32. As-Sajda
33. Al-Ahzab
34. Saba
35. Fatir
36. Ya-Sin
37. As-Saffat
38. Sad
39. Az-Zumar
40. Al-Mu'min
41. Ha-Mim
42. Ash-Shura
43. Az-Zukhruf
44. Ad-Dukhan
45. Al-Jathiya
46. Al-Ahqaf
47. Muhammad
48. Al-Fat-h
49. Al-Hujurat
50. Qaf
51. Az-Zariyat
52. At-Tur
53. An-Najm
54. Al-Qamar
55. Ar-Rahman
56. Al-Waqi'a
57. Al-Hadid
58. Al-Mujadila
59. Al-Hashr
60. Al-Mumtahana
61. As-Saff
62. Al-Jamu'a
63. Al-Munafiqun
64. At-Tagabun
65. At-Talaq
66. At-Tahrim
67. Al-Mulk
68. Al-Qalam
69. Al-Haqqa
70. Al-Ma'arij
71. Nuh
72. Al-Jinn
73. Al-Muzzammil
74. Al-Muddaththir
75. Al-Qiyamat
76. Ad-Dahr
77. Al-Mursalat
78. An-Nabaa
79. An-Nazi'at
80. Abasa
81. At-Takwir
82. Al-Infitar
83. Al-Mutaffifin
84. Al-Inshiqaq
85. Al-Buruj
86. At-Tariq
87. Al-A'la
88. Al-Gashiya
89. Al-Fajr
90. Al-Balad
91. Ash-Shams
92. Al-Lail
93. Adh-Dhuha
94. Al-Sharh
95. At-Tin
96. Al-Alaq
97. Al-Qadr
98. Al-Baiyina
99. Al-Zalzalah
100. Al-Adiyat
101. Al-Qari'a
102. At-Takathur
103. Al-Asr
104. Al-Humaza
105. Al-Fil
106. Quraish
107. Al-Ma'un
108. Al-Kauthar
109. Al-Kafirun
110. An-Nasr
111. Al-Lahab
112. Al-Ikhlaas
113. Al-Falaq
114. An-Nas
Translations
Qirat
Tafseer
Islamic Art Oil Paintings
Subscribe to daily Ayat and Hadith: