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Surah As-Saff

Ayat/pg: 5 | 10 | 15 | 20 | All

Maududi's Commentry (Tafseer) on Surah As-Saff

Madina Madina (109)
14Total Ayat: 14
2Total Ruku: 2

Name

The Surah derives its name from the sentence yuqatiluna fi sabil-i-hlsaff-an of verse 4; thereby implying that it is a Surah in which theword saff occurred.

Period of Revelation

It could not be known from any reliable tradition, but a study of itssubject-matter shows that this Surah probably was sent down in theperiod closely following the Battle of Uhud, for by reading betweenthe lines perceives a clear description of the conditions that prevailed in that period.

Theme and Subject Matter

Its theme is to exhort the Muslims to adopt sincerity in Faithand to struggle with their lives in the cause of Allah. It isaddressed to the Muslims with weak faith as well as those who hadentered Islam with a false profession of the Faith and also those who were sincere in their profession. Some verses are addressed to the first two groups, some only to the hypocrites, and some only to the sincere Muslims. The style itself shows where one particular group has been addressed and where the other.

At theoutset the believers have been warned to the effect; "Allah indeedhates those people who say one thing and do another, and He indeedloves. those who fight in the cause of the Truth, standing like asolid structure, against the enemies of Allah."'

In vv. 5-7 the peopleof the Holy Prophet's community have been warned that their attitudetowards their Messenger and their Religion should not be like theattitude that the Israelites had adopted towards the Prophets Mosesand Jesus (peace be upon them). In spite of acknowledging the Prophet Moses as a Messenger of God they continued to malign him as long as he lived, and in spite of witnessing clear signs from the Prophet Jesus they denied him without any hesitation. Consequently, the Israelites became perverse, incapable of benefiting from divine guidance. This is certainly not an enviable state which another nation should imitate.

Then, in vv. 8-9 a proclamation hasbeen made with the challenge:"The Jews and the Christians, and thehypocrites, who are conspiring with them, may try however hard theymay to extinguish this Light of Allah, it will shine forth and spreadin the world in all its fullness, and the Religion brought by the true Messenger of Allah shall prevail over every other religion however hateful it may be to the pagans and polytheists.

In vv. 10-13, the believers have been told that the wayto success both here and in the Hereafter is only one: that theyshould believe in Allah and His Messenger sincerely and should exerttheir utmost in Allah's Way with their selves and their wealth. As a reward for this they will earn immunity from Allah's punishment, forgiveness of their sins and the eternal Paradise in the Hereafter, and will be blessed with Allah's good pleasure, succor and victory in the world.

Inconclusion, the believers have been exhorted to' the effect that justas the disciples of the Prophet Jesus had helped him in the cause ofAllah, so should they also become "helpers of Allah", so that they tooare blessed with the same kind of good pleasure and approval of Allah as had been the believers before them against the disbelievers.

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1. Al-Fathiha
2. Al-Baqarah
3. Al-i'Imran
4. An-Nisaa
5. Al-Maida
6. Al-An'am
7. Al-A'raf
8. Al-Anfal
9. At-Tauba
10. Yunus
11. Hud
12. Yusuf
13. Ar-Ra'd
14. Ibrahim
15. Al-Hijr
16. An-Nahl
17. Al-Israa
18. Al-Kahf
19. Maryam
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21. Al-Anbiyaa
22. Al-Hajj
23. Al-Muminun
24. An-Nur
25. Al-Furqan
26. Ash-Shu'araa
27. An-Naml
28. Al-Qasas
29. Al-Ankabut
30. Ar-Rum
31. Luqman
32. As-Sajda
33. Al-Ahzab
34. Saba
35. Fatir
36. Ya-Sin
37. As-Saffat
38. Sad
39. Az-Zumar
40. Al-Mu'min
41. Ha-Mim
42. Ash-Shura
43. Az-Zukhruf
44. Ad-Dukhan
45. Al-Jathiya
46. Al-Ahqaf
47. Muhammad
48. Al-Fat-h
49. Al-Hujurat
50. Qaf
51. Az-Zariyat
52. At-Tur
53. An-Najm
54. Al-Qamar
55. Ar-Rahman
56. Al-Waqi'a
57. Al-Hadid
58. Al-Mujadila
59. Al-Hashr
60. Al-Mumtahana
61. As-Saff
62. Al-Jamu'a
63. Al-Munafiqun
64. At-Tagabun
65. At-Talaq
66. At-Tahrim
67. Al-Mulk
68. Al-Qalam
69. Al-Haqqa
70. Al-Ma'arij
71. Nuh
72. Al-Jinn
73. Al-Muzzammil
74. Al-Muddaththir
75. Al-Qiyamat
76. Ad-Dahr
77. Al-Mursalat
78. An-Nabaa
79. An-Nazi'at
80. Abasa
81. At-Takwir
82. Al-Infitar
83. Al-Mutaffifin
84. Al-Inshiqaq
85. Al-Buruj
86. At-Tariq
87. Al-A'la
88. Al-Gashiya
89. Al-Fajr
90. Al-Balad
91. Ash-Shams
92. Al-Lail
93. Adh-Dhuha
94. Al-Sharh
95. At-Tin
96. Al-Alaq
97. Al-Qadr
98. Al-Baiyina
99. Al-Zalzalah
100. Al-Adiyat
101. Al-Qari'a
102. At-Takathur
103. Al-Asr
104. Al-Humaza
105. Al-Fil
106. Quraish
107. Al-Ma'un
108. Al-Kauthar
109. Al-Kafirun
110. An-Nasr
111. Al-Lahab
112. Al-Ikhlaas
113. Al-Falaq
114. An-Nas
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