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Surah At-Tauba

Ayat/pg: 5 | 10 | 15 | 20 | All

E.H. Palmer Explanation (Tafseer)

Madina Madina (113)
129Total Ayat: 129
16Total Ruku: 16

Ayat [1-5] AN immunity from God and His Apostle to those idolaters with whom ye have made a league 3.

Ayat [6-10] But when the sacred months are passed away, kill the idolaters wherever ye may find them; and take them, and besiege them, and lie in wait for them in every place of observation; but if they repent, and are steadfast in prayer, and give alms, then let them go their way; verily, God is forgiving and merciful.

Ayat [11-15] They will not observe in a believer ties of kindred nor ties of clientship; but they it is are the transgressors.

Ayat [16-20] and will remove rage from their hearts; for God turns unto Him whomsoever He pleases, and God is knowing, wise!

Ayat [21-25] Those who believe and who have fled and been strenuous in the way of God, with their wealth and with their persons, are highest in rank with God, and these it is who are happy. Their Lord gives them glad tidings of mercy from Himself, and good-will; and gardens shall they have therein and lasting pleasure, to dwell therein for aye! Verily, God, with Him is mighty here.

Ayat [26-30] God has helped you in many a place, and on the day of ‘Honein 1 when ye were so pleased with your numbers; but it did not serve you at all, and the road grew too strait for you, where it had been broad; and then ye turned your backs retreating; then God sent down His shechina 2 upon His Apostle and upon the believers; and sent down armies which ye could not see, and punished those who misbelieved; for that is the reward of the misbelievers, then God turns after that to whom He will, for God is forgiving and merciful!

Ayat [31-35] The Jews say Ezra is the son of God; and the Christians say that the Messiah is the son of God; that is what they say with their mouths, imitating the sayings of those who misbelieved before.--God fight them! how they lie 1!

Ayat [36-40] On the day when it shall be heated in the fire of hell, and their brows shall be branded therewith, and their sides and their backs!--'This is what ye stored up for yourselves, taste then what ye stored up!'

Ayat [41-45] Unless ye help him 1--and God did help him, when those who misbelieved drove him forth the second of two 2. When they twain were in the cave; when he said to his comrade, 'Grieve not, verily, God is with us;' and God sent down His shechina upon him, and aided him with hosts ye could not see, and made the word of those who misbelieved inferior, and the word of God superior; for God is mighty and wise. March ye then, light and heavy, and fight strenuously with your wealth and persons in God's way; that is better for you if ye did but know!

Ayat [46-50] It is only those who believe not in God and in the last day who beg off from thee, and those whose hearts are in doubt, and in their doubt do hesitate.

Ayat [51-55] if good befall thee it seems ill to them; but if a calamity befall thee they say, 'We had taken care for our affair before;' and they turn their backs and they are glad.

Ayat [56-60] Let not their wealth please you nor their children, God only wishes to torment them therewith in the life of this world, and that their souls may pass away while still they misbelieve.

Ayat [61-65] Alms are only for the poor and needy, and those who work for them 1, and those whose hearts are reconciled 2, and those in captivity, and those in debt, and those who are on God's path, and for the wayfarer;--an ordinance this from God, for God is knowing, wise.

Ayat [66-70] The hypocrites are cautious lest there be revealed against them a sûrah 1 to inform them of what is in their hearts; say, 'Mock ye! verily, God will bring forth that of which ye are so cautious!' But if thou shouldst ask them, they will 'say, 'We did but discuss and jest;' say, 'Was it at God and His signs, and His Apostle, that ye mocked?'

Ayat [71-75] Ye are like those who were before you. They were stronger than you and more abundant in wealth and children; they enjoyed their portion then, and ye enjoy your portion, as they enjoyed their portion-before you; and ye discuss as they

Ayat [76-80] They swear by God they did not speak it, but they did speak the word of misbelief; and they disbelieved after they had embraced Islâm, and they designed what they could not attain and they only disapproved it because God and His Apostle had enriched them of His grace 2. If they turn again ’tis

Ayat [81-85] Those who defame such of the believers as willingly give their alms, and such as can find nothing to give but their exertions, and who mock at them,--God will mock at them, and for them is grievous woe!

Ayat [86-90] Pray not for any one of them who dies, and stand not by his tomb; verily, they disbelieved in God and His Apostle and died workers of abomination!

Ayat [91-95] God has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow, to dwell therein for aye; that is the mighty happiness!

Ayat [96-100] They make excuses to you when ye return to them: say, 'Make no excuse, we believe you not; God has informed us concerning you. God sees your works and His Apostle too!' Then shall ye be brought back unto Him who knows the unseen and the seen; and He shall inform you of that which ye have done.

Ayat [101-105] And of the Arabs of the desert are some who believe in God and the last day, and who take what they expend in alms to be a means of approach to God and to the Apostle's prayers,--is it not a means of approach for them? God will make them enter into His mercy; verily, God is forgiving and merciful.

Ayat [106-110] Do they not know that God accepts repentance from His servants, and takes alms; and that God is He who is easily turned and merciful.

Ayat [111-115] Is he who has laid his foundation upon the

Ayat [116-120] It is not for the prophet and those who believe to ask forgiveness for the idolaters, even though they be their kindred, after it has been made manifest to them that they are the fellows of hell.

Ayat [121-125] O ye who believe! fear God and be with those who speak the truth.

Ayat [126-130] And whenever a sûrah is sent down, there are some of them who say, 'Which of you has this increased in faith?' But as for those who believe, it does increase them in faith, and they shall rejoice: but as for those in whose hearts is sickness, it only adds a plague to their plague, and they die misbelievers.

Ayat [131-135] But if they turn their backs, then say, 'God is enough for me! there is no god but He! upon Him do I rely, for He is Lord of the mighty throne!'
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1. Al-Fathiha
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114. An-Nas
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